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This paper hypothesis that civil wars produce long-term damage to public health and medical systems that extend well beyond the period of active warfare. Using the data on disability-adjusted life years lost from various diseases and conditions by age and gender groups, the study found that, controlling for the other influences, civil wars greatly raise the subsequent risk of death and disability from many infectious diseases, including malaria, tuberculosis, and other infectious respiratory diseases. The study also points out that civil wars may increase the risk of death and disability through the breakdown of norms and practices of social order, with increases in homicide, transportation accidents, other injuries, and cervical cancer.