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Attacks on health care systems resulting in failed health care delivery routinely occurs in areas of armed conflict. Although the International Humanitarian Law (IHL) provides protection to health care systems, there are loopholes in the law resulting in inadequacies in overcoming the challenges faced by health care systems in functioning safely and efficiently in conflict zones. The paper attempts to use the Human Rights Law – Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights General Comment No. 14 (on Article 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights), as a normative framework to develop the states’ obligations to respect, protect and fulfill the right to health across all conflict settings.